Not only the creators and central dramatists of the time of the nationalized Czechoslovakian film took part in the preparation of the film, but also the Cultural Council of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia, Bashov’s carefully selected workers, the original author himself, the number of communist publications, and last but not least, Soviet advisers.

The tragic end of actress Anna Letinska: she greeted a colleague and headed to the Gestapo

Among the directors considered for investigation are the names of the most prominent Czech filmmakers of the time: Martin Frit, Otakar Vavra and Jerry Weiss. The effort to shoot “Potostrog” lasted seven years…

In the end, the result was a movie, when watching viewers from the city that was the place of the story (from Zlín, renamed Gottwaldov at that time) spontaneously began to demolish the cinema out of anger, which was stopped only by the police. Why did Potostrog turn from a work of socialist realism to a political and social issue?

personal accounts

It should be noted that the author of the topic, Svatopluk Turek, and the eventually chosen director, KM Walló, had already settled personal accounts in the work discrediting the modern Zlín founder, Tomáš Baťa.

Turki, a university student at the Academy of Fine Arts in Prague, who did not manage to establish himself as a writer, worked in Zlin U Bata from 1926 to 1933 as a poster painter. In addition, he has been a member of the Communist Party of the Czech Republic since 1924.

He has been tackling the idea of ​​processing his experiences from the factory in the form of a pragmatically politically committed novel from the moment he joined Ba, while, of course, a communist has been critical of the company’s practices (particularly the effort to rationalize production).

Husband and wife Harro and Libertas Schulze-Boysen.  The Libertas was a German noble, and Harro was an officer in the Luftwaffe.  Both turned against Nazism and became members of the Red Band resistance organization

He was hanged, cut off. The Bohemian couple united in the fight against Hitler

In 1933 he prepared the novel for printing and at the same time resigned from Bata. “While it was essentially certain that the planned novel would be published, Svatopluk Turek decided to leave the Ba factories at his request, and quit his job on August 2, 1933, realizing that he would lose his job after Botostroja was published. He soon started a new job at the Nehera clothing company in Prostějov”, says Lucie Vtelenská in her revisited work Botostroj from 2017.

Gallery Tomáš Baťa, the global businessman who servedGallery Tomáš Baťa, the global businessman who servedSource: Diary / Jan Karásek

The publication of the novel was followed by a whole series of lawsuits by the Baty family and other employees of the company against the publication of Botostroje, because the Turk often describes specific living people, but they invented their motives and some events.

“The boss, that is, Thomas Bach, makes in his mouth statements in which the author ascribes to Thomas Bach a contemptuous attitude towards his co-workers, a persistently rude treatment of them, sarcastic cruelty from the point of view of the person and especially from the point of view of the employer, the rude and cruel treatment of members of his family, and the exploitation of the employees , and the horror on them, so the reader has an idea of ​​Tomasz Bach as a heartless man who not only addresses, but considers his co-workers to be animals, even below the level of animals, mere robots. The author consciously hides the true features of Thomas Bata’s human personality, “Mary Bashova, widow of Thomas Bata , she complained about the lawsuit.

Gallery Tomáš Baťa, the global businessman who servedGallery Tomáš Baťa, the global businessman who servedSource: Diary / Jan Karásek

The edition of the novel was finally confiscated by a decision of the Prague Regional Court in the fall of 1933, and in 1938 the court prohibited further publication. And the Turks had reason to take revenge after the war.

Mauthausen was a large group of concentration camps built around the villages of Mauthausen and Gusen in Upper Austria

He was dying under an icy shower. Karel Hasler was tortured by the Nazis in Mauthausen

In addition, director KM Walló, real name Ladislav Walló, had a certain personal grudge against Bať, this time against Tomáš Jan Antonín Bať’s son. In 1937, Jan Antonin Bata made a round-the-world flight, on which he was accompanied by documentary director Alexander Hackenschmid.

In 1939, already after Ba emigrated, two documentaries were made from the material he took, and KM Walló wrote the comments on their behalf. Then Bata reported from Immigration in São Paulo that Wallo’s work “represents complete communist agitation of the worst kind”. Even the director never forgot…

long work

After the war and the changing political situation, Potostrog was released again in 1946, and as of 1947 it was made into a movie. After the communist coup in February 1948, it was already one of the intended primary works of “socialist cinematography”.

The script began to be rewritten several times in order to best meet the “requirements of the times”, more and more topics talked about it, and the film finally began to prepare only in 1951. Actors at that time, but the author of the topic, Torek, in his notes from that time He complained that many people rejected him (specifically mentioning the names of Karen Bedich, Milos Nedpal, Jindžić Blacho, František Kreuzmann, Jaroslav Vojta, František Smolík and Vlasta Fabiánová).

The only truly known actor who agreed to his choice from the start was Vítězslav Vejražka as the boss. The leftist Vejražka went so far in his “dedication to the cause of socialism” that he acted as a sexual moron in the state security …

Mikuláš from Bubna-Litice, until January 1942 Minister of Agriculture in the Government of the Reserve Alois Eliáš.

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Since the Barrandov Studios were occupied at that time by the famous Emperor Baker and Emperor Baker, filming was postponed again. At the same time, the Soviet side began to show interest in the project, the intention was to produce a film with a Soviet director. In the end, Wallo took the position of director, but he also had to complete a two-month internship in the Soviet Union with the Turk.

After their return, filming finally began and in 1954 the film was completed. He went to the cinemas with great fanfare – but in Zlin, the audience did not like such humiliation for their domestic icon.

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